Here is question paper for class XII CBSE board . So see this question paper to preparing the exam for class 12 and do hard work and keep your success in your hand.Click Below To See Exam paper:
1. What is the direction of the force acting on a charged particle q, moving with a velocity v in a uniform magnetic field B ?
2. Name the part of the electromagnetic spectrum of wavelength 10-2 m and mention its one application.
3. An electron and alpha particle have the same de-Broglie wavelength associated with them. How are their kinetic energies related to each other?
4. A glass lens of refractive index 1.5 is placed in a trough of liquid. What must be the refractive index of the liquid in order to make the lens disappear?
5. A 500 m C Charge is at the centre of a square of side 10cm. Find the work done in moving a charge of 10 m C between two diagonally opposite points on the square.
6. State the reason, why heavy water I generally used as a moderator in a nuclear reactor. How does the fringe width of interference fringes change, when the whole apparatus of Young’s experiment is kept in a liquid of refractive index 1.3?
7. The plot of the variation of potential difference across a combination of three identical cells in series, versus current is as shown below. What is the emf of each, cell?
8. Derive the expression for the electric potential at any point along the axial line of an electric dipole?
9. Define magnetic susceptibility of a material. Name two elements, one having positive susceptibility and the other having negative susceptibility. What does negative susceptibility signify?
10. The oscillating magnetic field in a plane electromagnetic wave is given by
By = (8 ´ 10-6) sin [2 ´ 1011t + 300p x] T
(i) Calculate the wavelength of the electromagnetic wave.
(ii) Write down the expression for the oscillating electric field.
11. Prove that an ideal capacitor, in an a.c. circuit does not dissipate power.
Derive an expression for the impedance of a.c. circuit consisting of an inductor and a resistor.
12. A nucleus
Ne undergoes decay and becomes
Na. Calculate the maximum kinetic energy
of electrons emitted assuming that the daughter nucleus and anti-neutrino carry negligible
Ne = 22.994455 u
Na = 22.989770 u
1u = 931.5 Me V/c2
13. Distinguish between an intrinsic semiconductor and P-type semiconductor Give reason, why, a P-type semiconductor crystal is electrically neutral, although nh>>ne?
14. Draw a ray diagram of a reflecting telescope. State two advantages of this telescope over a refracting telescope.
15. A ray of light passing through an equilateral triangular glass prism from air undergoes minimum deviation when angle of incidence is 3/4th of the angle of prism. Calculate the speed of light in the prism.
16. The give inputs A, B are fed to a 2-input NAND gate. Draw the output wave form of the gate.
17. A transmitting antenna at the top of a tower has a height of 36m and the height of the receiving antenna is 49m. What is the maximum distance between them, fro satisfactory communication in the LOS mode? (Radius of earth = 6400km)
18. How is a wavefront defined? Using Huygen’s construction draw a figure showing the propagation of a plane wave refraction at a plane surface separating two media. Hence verify Snell’s law of refraction.
19. A metallic rod of length l is rotated at a constant angular speedw, normal to a uniform magnetic field B. Derive an expression for the current induced in the rod, if the resistance of the rod is R.
20. The figure below shows the V-1 characteristic of a semiconductor diode.
(i) Identify the semiconductor diode used.
(ii) Draw the circuit diagram to obtain the given characteristic of this device.
(iii)Briefly explain how this diode can be used as a voltage regulator.
22. An inductor 200mH, capacitor 500 m F, resistor 10W are connected in series with a 100 V, variable frequency a.c. source. Calculate the
(i) frequency at which the power factor of the circuit is unity
(ii) current amplitude at this frequency
23. Prove that the current density of a metallic conductor is directly proportional to the drift speed of electrons.
A number of identical cells, n each of emf E, internal resistance r connected in series are charged by a d.c course of emfE’, using a resistor R.
(i) Draw the circuit arrangement.
(ii) Deduce the expressions for (a) the charging current and (b) the potential difference across the
combination of the cells.
24. A potentiometer wire of length lm is connected to a drive cell of emf 3 V as shown in the figure. When a cell of 1.5 V emf is used in the secondary circuit, the balance point is found to be 60cm.
On replacing this cell and using a cell of unknown emf, the balance point shifts to 80cm
(i) Calculate unknown emf of the cell.
(ii) Explain with reason, whether the circuit works, if the drive cell is replaced with a cell emf 1V.
(iii)Does the high resistance R, used in the secondary circuit affect the balance point? Justify
25. An electromagnetic wave of wavelength l is incident on a photosensitive surface of negligible work function. If the photo-electrons emitted from this surface have the de-Broglie wavelength
l1, prove that l = 2
26. The energy level diagram of an element is given below. Identify, by doing necessary calculations, which transition corresponds to emission of a spectral line of wavelength 102.7nm.
27. Draw a plot of the variation of amplitude versusw for an amplitude modulated wave. Define modulation index. State its importance for effective amplitude modulation.
28. (a) Using Biot-Savart’s law, derive an expression for the magnetic field at the centre of a circular coil of radius R, number of turns N, carrying current i.
(b) Two small identical circular coils marked 1, 2 carry equal currents and are placed with their geometric axes perpendicular to each other as shown in the figure. Derive an expression for the resultant magnetic field at O.
Draw a schematic diagram of a cyclotron. Explain its underlying principle and working,
stating clearly the function of the electric and magnetic fields applied on a charged particle.
Deduce an expression for the period of revolution and show that it does not depend on the speed of the charged particle.
29. (a) For a ray of light traveling from a denser medium of refractive index n1 to a rarer medium of refractive index n2, prove that 2
sin , c
= where ic is the critical angle of
incidence for the media.
(b) Explain with the help of a diagram, how the above the principle is used for transmission of video signals using optical fibres.
(a) What is plane polarised light? Two polaroids are placed at 90o to each other and the transmitted intensity is zero. What happens when one more Polaroid is placed between these two, bisecting the angle between them? How will the intensity of transmitted light vary on further rotating the third Polaroid?
(b) If a light beam shows no intensity variation when transmitted through a polaroid which is rotated, does it mean that the light is unpolarised? Explain briefly.
30. (a) Using Gauss’ law, derive an expression for the electric field intensity at any point outside a
uniformly charge thin spherical shell of radius R and charge densitys C /m2 Draw the field lines when the charge density of the sphere is (i) positive, (ii) negative.
(b) A uniformly charged conducting sphere of 2.5m in diameter has a surface charge density of 100mC /m2 calculate the
(i) Charge on the sphere
(ii) Total eclectic flux passing through the sphere
(a) Derive an expression for the torque experienced by an electric dipole kept in a uniform electric field.
(b) Calculate the work done to dissociate the system of three charges placed on the vertices of a
triangle as shown.
Here q = 1.6´ 10-10C